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Delta Farm Press
by Jarrod Hardke, Rice Extension Agronomist - August 27, 2021
“Squalls out on the gulf stream, big storm coming soon…”
With Hurricane Ida looming, all eyes are on the path it will take. Current expectations
are for an eastward shift that will catch the southeast and eastern portions of the
state. We certainly hope it continues to move ever eastward and spares the southeast
yet another major flooding event for the year – they’ve had their fill already.
Early harvest reports continue to sound very good. Milling yields have been a mixed
bag however. Conditions during grain fill combined with rice stink bug pressure may
explain the variability and some reports of increased peck damage on rice. Amount
of peck is within the range of expectation but certainly higher than last year. As
stink bug pressure continues on later rice, it will be important to stay after them
to keep peck levels down.
Rice maturity is currently tracking about 5-7 days behind DD50 Rice Management Program
predictions for reaching 20% grain moisture. This delay has been fairly consistent
since early season weather set us back. If you add 5-7 days to the 20% grain moisture
prediction on your report, it should be very close.
Fig. 1. NOAA 7-day Precipitation Forecast.
Table 1 contains preliminary yield data from the March 22, 2021 planting date the RREC at Stuttgart versus the
March 27, 2020 planting date. The 2021 data is preliminary because we haven’t fully
analyzed it yet – so it may look different in its final form presented later this
year. Since we start getting questions about performance data already, we’re showing
this now for an ‘early look’.
Table 1. Preliminary data for March 22, 2021 planting date study at RREC, Stuttgart,
versus March 27, 2020 planting date study.
Grain Type: L = long-grain; M = medium-grain; CL = Clearfield long-grain; CM = Clearfield
medium-grain; FL = FullPage long-grain; ML = MaxAce long-grain; PL = Provisia long-grain;
LA = long-grain aromatic.
Nick Bateman, Gus Lorenz, and Ben Thrash
The deadline for the crisis exemption to expire for Endigo ZC in rice was scheduled
for Friday 8/27. EPA is currently reviewing the specific exemption, and while that
process is ongoing we are legal to keep using Endigo ZC for rice stink bug until EPA
makes a ruling. This is good news for our growers, as rice stink bug numbers have
made a large jump this week. This is mainly adult stink bugs and not immatures. With
the variable control observed with lambda this year across the state, many growers
switched to Endigo ZC after the crisis exemption was approved. We are hearing mixed
results. A majority of the calls we are getting a very positive, however in some
cases folks are finding threshold level adults a week after application. We have
observed that as well in one of our studies near Stuttgart. This is not common to
see, but in all cases of these reports, these fields were the only green rice left
around and has caused a sink for rice stink bug. Our recommendation right now is
to ride populations that are right at or maybe slightly over threshold for about a
week before spraying. With the adult migration we are currently seeing, we would
need to spray every three days to keep them under control. Endigo is the only option
left for most of these fields. We have a hard time recommending lambda at this point
with the lack of control we have observed this year. Hopefully we will be done with
rice stink bugs on a majority of the rice in the state over the next 10-14 days however
we know of some fields that haven’t headed yet. Good luck, and we will keep everyone
posted on the section 18 as we get updates.
After a gain of 12 cents in Monday’s trading, CBOT rice futures seemed unconcerned
about the weather over the next three sessions. However, trading has turned 3 to
5 cents higher Friday morning with November futures trading near $13.60. Weather
will certainly be a key influence on the rice market next week.
Rough Rice Nov '21 (ZRX21), Daily Futures.
While in the Gulf of Mexico this weekend, Ida is expected to strengthen rapidly.
The potential is high for the system to become not only a hurricane but a major hurricane,
which is Category 3 or higher on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale. A major hurricane
has maximum sustained winds of 111 mph or greater.
Ida Projected Rainfall, August 27 – September 1.
In Monday’s Crop Progress, NASS estimated that Louisiana’s rice harvest was 62% complete as of August 22nd. Arkansas and Mississippi’s harvest is gaining momentum on the hot/dry conditions
this week. Looking forward, the big incalculable is the wind and flooding impact
from Ida. Harvest for the Midsouth / Mississippi delta will come to a stop next week.
Weekly export sales for long-grain rough rice came in at 38,519 MT with Mexico and
Guatemala the top buyers. Main destinations were Mexico (29,691) and Nicaragua (10,775).
Marketing year to date, sales performance is off to a good start as accumulated export
sales of rough rice are 40% ahead of last year and 171% ahead of last year for milled
rice. Sales of rough, milled and brown combined are currently 74% ahead of the same
week a year ago.
U.S. Long-Grain Export Sales, week ending August 19, 2021.
In last week’s Rice Update we commented on the decline in diesel prices seen this month. NYMEX Diesel futures
were trading near 3 ½ month lows ($1.90/gallon) a week ago (August 20). Weather developments
in the Gulf of Mexico turned the energy markets sharply higher this week. Diesel
futures are trading near $2.10/gallon as of this writing Friday morning. The offshore
region of the Gulf of Mexico accounts for about 17 percent of US crude output. Slightly
more than 45 percent of US refining capacity is located along the Gulf coast. Following
Ida’s exit, energy markets could turn lower next week. Much will depend on the degree
of damage to Gulf coast refineries and how soon operations can get back to normal.
NYMEX Diesel Futures, Daily Nearby.
The DD50 Rice Management Program is live and ready for fields to be enrolled for the
2021 season. All log-in and producer information has been retained from the 2020
season, so if you used the program last year you can log in just as you did last year.
Log in and enroll fields here: https://dd50.uada.edu.
The Arkansas Rice Advisor site https://riceadvisor.uada.edu functions like an app on your mobile device. There you can readily access the DD50
program, rice seeding rate calculator, drill calibration, fertilizer and N rate calculators,
publications, and more.
Arkansas Rice Updates are published periodically to provide timely information and
recommendations for rice production in Arkansas. If you would like to be added to
this email list, please send your request to email@example.com.
This information will also be posted to the Arkansas Row Crops blog (http://www.arkansas-crops.com/) where additional information from Extension specialists can be found.
More information on rice production, including access to all publications and reports,
can be found at http://www.uaex.uada.edu/rice.
We sincerely appreciate the support for this publication provided by the rice farmers
of Arkansas and administered by the Arkansas Rice Research and Promotion Board.
The authors greatly appreciate the feedback and contributions of all growers, county
agents, consultants, and rice industry stakeholders.