Pick up know-how for tackling diseases, pests and weeds.
Farm bill, farm marketing, agribusiness webinars, & farm policy.
Find tactics for healthy livestock and sound forages.
Scheduling and methods of irrigation.
Explore our Extension locations around the state.
Commercial row crop production in Arkansas.
Agriculture weed management resources.
Use virtual and real tools to improve critical calculations for farms and ranches.
Learn to ID forages and more.
Explore our research locations around the state.
Get the latest research results from our county agents.
Our programs include aquaculture, diagnostics, and energy conservation.
Keep our food, fiber and fuel supplies safe from disaster.
Private, Commercial & Non-commercial training and education.
Specialty crops including turfgrass, vegetables, fruits, and ornamentals.
Find educational resources and get youth engaged in agriculture.
Gaining garden smarts and sharing skills.
Timely tips for the Arkansas home gardener.
Creating beauty in and around the home.
Maintenance calendar, and best practices.
Coaxing the best produce from asparagus to zucchini.
What’s wrong with my plants? The clinic can help.
Featured trees, vines, shrubs and flowers.
Ask our experts plant, animal, or insect questions.
Enjoying the sweet fruits of your labor.
Herbs, native plants, & reference desk QA.
Growing together from youth to maturity.
Crapemyrtles, hydrangeas, hort glossary, and weed ID databases.
Get beekeeping, honey production, and class information.
Grow a pollinator-friendly garden.
Schedule these timely events on your gardening calendar.
Equipping individuals to lead organizations, communities, and regions.
Guiding communities and regions toward vibrant and sustainable futures.
Guiding entrepreneurs from concept to profit.
Position your business to compete for government contracts.
Find trends, opportunities and impacts.
Providing unbiased information to enable educated votes on critical issues.
Increase your knowledge of public issues & get involved.
Research-based connection to government and policy issues.
Support Arkansas local food initiatives.
Read about our efforts.
Preparing for and recovering from disasters.
Licensing for forestry and wildlife professionals.
Preserving water quality and quantity.
Cleaner air for healthier living.
Firewood & bioenergy resources.
Managing a complex forest ecosystem.
Read about nature across Arkansas and the U.S.
Learn to manage wildlife on your land.
Soil quality and its use here in Arkansas.
Learn to ID unwanted plant and animal visitors.
Timely updates from our specialists.
Eating right and staying healthy.
Ensuring safe meals.
Take charge of your well-being.
Cooking with Arkansas foods.
Making the most of your money.
Making sound choices for families and ourselves.
Nurturing our future.
Get tips for food, fitness, finance, and more!
Understanding aging and its effects.
Giving back to the community.
Managing safely when disaster strikes.
Listen to our latest episode!
Subscribe to Post Updates from Arkansas Row Crops
Sign Up for Newsletter Updates
Subscribe to SMS Updates from Arkansas Row Crops
Listen to Our Latest Crops Podcast
Delta Farm Press
by Jarrod Hardke, Rice Extension Agronomist - July 1, 2022
“And I’m proud to be an American, where at least I know I’m free.”
It’s time to repeat a line from an old farmer I’ve used before: “be patient and wait
on the rain we usually get around the 4th of July, but if you don’t get it you’re a plucked chicken.” Only he didn’t say plucked.
With all this heat, I’m reminded of a Jerry Clower story. His cousin John had climbed
a tree to knock a raccoon out that they’d been chasing. Unfortunately, instead of
a raccoon it was a Lynx in the tree. He commenced to fighting with it in the tree.
He kept hollering down from the tree, “shoot this thing!” They told him, we can’t
shoot up there, we might hit you. He said, “well then just shoot up in here amongst
us, one of us got to have some relief!”
That’s got nothing to do with the heat and dry condition other than to say we’ve got
to have some relief!
Great info below from Scott Stiles on what to make of the Acreage report and other reports released yesterday.
Let us know if we can help.
New on Arkansas Row Crops Radio this week:
Weeds AR Wild Series, S2 Ep 19: Salvage Weed Control & Herbicide Cut-Offs
Fig. 1. NOAA 7-day precipitation forecast.
As most rice is now into reproductive growth, all random things are showing up. Sulfur
and potassium deficiencies have begun to appear, along with some hydrogen sulfide
toxicity. Delayed phytotoxicity is still an issue on some recently flooded fields
Aside from these, I’d like to point out one repeated concern this week that isn’t
necessarily an issue. Fig. 1 shows what has been termed “high yield disease” in the past. Most often this occurs
on the second leaf down from the top when rice is in reproductive growth and plants
are growing rapidly. These leaf tips may have a nutrient imbalance as the plant draws
mobile nutrients from the leaves.
Anytime you see anything like this, it is still wise to examine the whole plant, including
roots, to be sure nothing else is going on. If this is on all leaves or more excessive,
it could be an indication of an underlying issue. Reports so far have only been of
the high yield disease type.
Fig. 2. “High yield disease” in rice.
No doubt, it’s time to scout for leaf blast in Arkansas commercial rice fields with
a history planted with susceptible (S) or moderately (MS) varieties. Historically
leaf blast starts mostly between the 2nd and 3rd week of June. In 2022, the 1st report came in on June 27 from Arkansas County on Titan. It appears dew period is
long enough to initiate spore germination. However, the heat appears a little high.
But we know the blast fungus is versatile and easy to adapt. With rain in a forecast
and overcast in blues, conditions may get favorable for rice blast progress. Moisture
fuels the disease. The message is to keep on scouting. As seen in Table 1, most of our conventional rice varieties grown in Arkansas are either susceptible
(S) or moderately susceptible (MS).
Where to Scout:
At tree lines, dry field edges, levees, and spots in the field with greener canopy
due to excessive nitrogen fertilization.
Early symptoms may be confusing. They may look greyish-black spots. You may find
the typical symptoms of blast if you open the canopy to lower leaves. Please go to
last week’s blog article here to learn more about leaf blast.
Leaf lesions are spindle-shaped and elongated with brown borders and grayish centers.
Advantages of Scouting for Leaf Blast:
To help in fungicide application decision in protecting the crop from neck and panicle
To reduce spore production and lessen disease severity later in the season.
Leaf Blast Management: For leaf stages of the disease, maintain proper flood level. Infection levels tend
to be less severe where flood water is maintained at adequate but not excessive depths. Avoid excessive rates of nitrogen (Nitrogen amounts vary with
cropping history, soil type, varieties, etc.).
Note: The table below is comprehensive and includes frequently seen diseases in Arkansas
commercial rice fields to serve you in your management options including fungicide
Table 1. Rice Variety Reactions to Diseases and Lodging.
RT 7321 FP
RT 7521 FP
June 30th finally arrived and the USDA had plenty for the rice market to digest. Thursday’s
lineup of reporting included Export Sales, Acreage, Rice Stocks and Agricultural Prices. We’ll try to touch on each report in brief.
Export Sales (week ending June 23):
Focusing on long-grain, milled sales and shipments were both above the prior week.
Shipments totaled 18,454 tons with the majority going to Haiti (15,136). Canada was
in for 1,964 tons. Over 90% of the sales last week were to three markets: Jordan
(4,001 tons), Saudi Arabia (1,949) and Canada (1,035).
Compared to last year, long-grain milled sales are the bright spot, running 25% ahead.
However, rough rice sales continue to disappoint. Time is running short in the 21/22
marketing year with just 5 reporting weeks left. Total long-grain export sales are
currently running 11% behind last year. This is a major concern and one that points
to further downward adjustments in old crop exports.
The tables below include USDA’s planted acreage estimates for rice from the June 30
Acreage report. The survey for the Acreage report is conducted during the first two weeks of June. The findings indicated a
109,000-acre reduction in total U.S. rice since the March Prospective Plantings survey. At 2.343 million, total U.S. rice acres would be the lowest since 1983.
Most of the March to June reduction in total rice acres is attributed to medium grain
(-66,000 acres). In records going back to 1972, U.S. medium grain acres would be
the lowest on record at 417,000.
Table 2. 2022 U.S. Planted Acres, Rice.
Since the March 31 intentions, Arkansas’ rice acres were revised 40,000 lower with
long-grain down 30,000 and medium grain down 10,000. Medium grain acres are the lowest
since 2008. Total acres at 1.151 million are the lowest since 2013. Compared to
2021, total rice acres are down 60,000 this year or 5 percent. There were no big
surprises in the June Acreage for Arkansas given the planting delays and the sharp run-up in fertilizer and fuel
Table 3. 2022 Arkansas Planted Acres, Rice.
The table below provides a look at state totals for long-grain acres. In the June
Acreage, USDA made no adjustments to Louisiana, Mississippi, and Missouri acres. Acres were
reduced in Arkansas, California, and Texas by a total of 38,000.
Table 4. U.S. Long-Grain Rice Acres, 2022.
As of June 1, U.S. long-grain rough rice stocks were 37.58 million cwt. compared to
44.34 million a year ago. This would be a year-to-year reduction of 6.76 million
or 15%. Arkansas’ on-farm stocks were down 24% from last year (4.1 million cwt. compared
to 5.4 million last year).
Full report is available here: Rice Stocks
For the 21/22 marketing year, the weighted average price for long-grain through May
2022 is $13.56/cwt. This is below the $13.80/cwt. USDA projected for the marketing
year in the June WASDE. Average prices and marketing totals for June and July are
still needed to calculate the 21/22 marketing year average price. Over the past five
years, about 13% of production on average is marketed during these final two months
of the marketing year.
September rice futures started the week strong, gaining a total of 39 cents by Wednesday’s
close. Thursday’s USDA reports didn’t provide enough shock value to push prices through
the 20-day moving average, which now sits at $16.78 (red line). For the time being,
$16.40 is a decent layer of price support. Ahead of a three-day holiday weekend,
I wouldn’t be overly concerned about today’s lower trading.
CME September 2022 Rough Rice Futures, Daily Chart.
Looking ahead to the July 12th WASDE, there could be a mix of positives and negatives. The 38,000-acre reduction
in long-grain (i.e. June Acreage) could trim off perhaps as much as 2.75 million cwt in new crop production. Without
any offsets, that alone could turn prices higher. The big concern ahead of us is
what USDA does with old crop exports and ultimately new crop beginning stocks. Follow
the monthly USDA reports closely.
The fourth of July trading schedule is below. Have a wonderful 4th and thank those that keep our independence.
Fourth of July Trading Schedule:
No Sunday or Monday Markets
Trading resumes Tuesday, July 5th at 8:30am CST
The DD50 Rice Management Program is live and ready for fields to be enrolled for the
2022 season. All log-in and producer information has been retained from the 2021
season, so if you used the program last year you can log in just as you did last year.
Log in and enroll fields on the DD50 website.
The Arkansas Rice Advisor site https://riceadvisor.uada.edu functions like an app on your mobile device. There you can readily access the DD50
program, rice seeding rate calculator, drill calibration, fertilizer and N rate calculators,
publications, and more.
Arkansas Rice Updates are published periodically to provide timely information and
recommendations for rice production in Arkansas. If you would like to be added to
this email list, please send your request to firstname.lastname@example.org.
This information will also be posted to the Arkansas Row Crops blog (http://www.arkansas-crops.com/) where additional information from Extension specialists can be found.
More information on rice production, including access to all publications and reports,
can be found at http://www.uaex.uada.edu/rice.
We sincerely appreciate the support for this publication provided by the rice farmers
of Arkansas and administered by the Arkansas Rice Research and Promotion Board.
The authors greatly appreciate the feedback and contributions of all growers, county
agents, consultants, and rice industry stakeholders.
Rice Extension Agronomist
Extension Weed Scientist
Rice Verification Coordinator
Extension Soil Fertility
Extension Rice Pathologist