Pick up know-how for tackling diseases, pests and weeds.
Farm bill, farm marketing, agribusiness webinars, & farm policy.
Find tactics for healthy livestock and sound forages.
Scheduling and methods of irrigation.
Commercial row crop production in Arkansas.
Agriculture weed management resources.
Use virtual and real tools to improve critical calculations for farms and ranches.
Learn to ID forages and more.
Explore our research locations around the state.
Get the latest research results from our county agents.
Our programs include aquaculture, diagnostics, and energy conservation.
Keep our food, fiber and fuel supplies safe from disaster.
Private, Commercial & Non-commercial training and education.
Specialty crops including turfgrass, vegetables, fruits, and ornamentals.
Find educational resources and get youth engaged in agriculture.
Gaining garden smarts and sharing skills.
Creating beauty in and around the home.
Maintenance calendar, and best practices.
Coaxing the best produce from asparagus to zucchini.
What’s wrong with my plants? The clinic can help.
Featured trees, vines, shrubs and flowers.
Ask our experts plant, animal, or insect questions.
Enjoying the sweet fruits of your labor.
Herbs, native plants, & reference desk QA.
Growing together from youth to maturity.
Crapemyrtles, hydrangeas, hort glossary, and weed ID databases.
Get beekeeping, honey production, and class information.
Grow a pollinator-friendly garden.
Schedule these timely events on your gardening calendar.
Equipping individuals to lead organizations, communities, and regions.
Guiding communities and regions toward vibrant and sustainable futures.
Guiding entrepreneurs from concept to profit.
Position your business to compete for government contracts.
Find trends, opportunities and impacts.
Providing unbiased information to enable educated votes on critical issues.
Increase your knowledge of public issues & get involved.
Research-based connection to government and policy issues.
Support Arkansas local food initiatives.
Read about our efforts.
Preparing for and recovering from disasters.
Licensing for forestry and wildlife professionals.
Preserving water quality and quantity.
Cleaner air for healthier living.
Firewood & bioenergy resources.
Managing a complex forest ecosystem.
Read about nature across Arkansas and the U.S.
Learn to manage wildlife on your land.
Soil quality and its use here in Arkansas.
Learn to ID unwanted plant and animal visitors.
Timely updates from our specialists.
Eating right and staying healthy.
Ensuring safe meals.
Take charge of your well-being.
Cooking with Arkansas foods.
Making the most of your money.
Making sound choices for families and ourselves.
Nurturing our future.
Get tips for food, fitness, finance, and more!
Understanding aging and its effects.
Giving back to the community.
Managing safely when disaster strikes.
Listen to our latest episode!
Getting the 411 on 4-H.
Volunteer with 4-H
Learn to build a better team.
Check out our upcoming events.
Animals, ATVs, robotics, and more!
What else do you need to know? Check it out.
Learn about our camp opportunities.
Hands-on activities in an outdoor setting.
Subscribe to Post Updates from Arkansas Row Crops
Sign Up for Newsletter Updates
Subscribe to SMS Updates from Arkansas Row Crops
Listen to Our Latest Crops Podcast
Delta Farm Press
by Jarrod Hardke, Rice Extension Agronomist - May 7, 2021
“Rainy days and Mondays always get me down…”
While the majority of the state stood still for another week, our planting progress
did update to 63% (Fig. 1). This seems to mostly be a catchup on progress from the previous report. The reality
is that time is beginning to dwindle on the 2021 rice crop.
If you consider that we originally intended to plant 1.25 million acres, and stand
at 63% progress, then only 750,000-800,000 acres of rice have been planted to date.
The weather outlook suggests that planting may not really continue until after May
15th. While there are still a good number of acres intended for rice, the prospects of
them shifting to more and more soybeans are growing. If something doesn’t change
very soon, it is entirely possible that we fail to plant 1 million acres of rice in
Arkansas for the first time since 1983 and the 1970s.
The wet springs of the previous two seasons still saw us plant 1.12 and 1.44 million
acres of rice, and we planted well into June to achieve those numbers. However, rice
prices penciled out well in favor compared to soybeans. Here in 2021, even with rice
prices improving, soybean is running to a level that demands increased attention and
is going to get it.
Fig. 1. AR Rice Planting Progress, 2010-2021.
Fig. 2. NOAA 7-day precipitation forecast.
Depending on exactly when you planted and sprayed, Command (clomazone) is either turning
rice a little white or a lot of white leading to some eventual plant death from multiple
factors (Fig. 3). The trend in this has been very obvious in our planting date studies where very
early plantings and mid-April plantings have only been mildly affected while the early
April planting has been hit fairly hard. Time to rice emergence, and conditions upon
emergence, have played large roles. Generally speaking, the plant death is likely
due to delays in growth from Command and weather that have allowed seedling diseases
to take hold. The past few days of sunny conditions and decent warm temperatures
should help outgrow the situation, but next week’s cool down with more rain could
lead to additional concerns on small rice.
Fig. 3. Command injury to rice varying by planting date and cultivar.
Bermudagrass has shown up as a problem in some spots. Annual bluegrass (Poa annua) has also been more persistent this spring. For both of these issues, there is not
much to do in terms of herbicide applications. They are both small grasses that rice
can outgrow. For each of them different herbicides may be more or less effective
at burning them some but there are no real viable control options. The goal is really
to let POST herbicides we’re already using work on them some and then let the flood
take them out. In the case of row rice, particularly with bermudagrass, if the infestation
is extremely heavy it could be competitive enough to ‘possibly’ warrant a replant,
but if we can push the rice we should still be able to out-compete it and farm on.
These grasses, under the right conditions, will not be controlled by tillage alone,
and that has led them to become re-established in some fields after field preparation
where no burndown was used to finish them off. Bluegrass in many instances has simply
continued to emerge with the cool wet conditions despite early burndown attempts.
Ouch (Fig. 4). We’ve received a ton of phone calls and pictures on Italian/annual ryegrass this
spring. It’s easily moved into our top 5 of most problematic weeds across cropping
systems here in Arkansas. Herbicide resistance continues to spread with confirmed
resistance to ALS-inhibitors and glyphosate common across the state. There are also
some reports of resistance to clethodim in south Arkansas (and across the river in
Fig. 4. Ryegrass present in emerged rice field.
For complete control, ryegrass must be eliminated prior to crop emergence. In the
instance of Fig. 4, there is nothing POST in rice that will kill ryegrass, especially now that it is
heading out. Those plants will be there until flood.
Prior to rice emergence, clethodim is an option that will provide excellent control,
but there is a label required 30-day plant-back as severe injury can result if rice
is planted sooner. The best option for the successful management of ryegrass ahead
of rice is to use sequential applications of paraquat (Gramoxone). One application
will not be enough as regrowth will occur (Fig. 5), so I recommend applying the first shot approximately 2 weeks before intended planting,
and then apply the second shot at planting tank-mixed with the intended PRE residual
For more information on ryegrass management, see our following resources:
Please feel free to get ahold of me with any questions, and good luck out there!
Fig. 5. Regrowth of Italian ryegrass following a single application of paraquat (Gramoxone
3 lb) at 40 fl oz/ac.
Another week, another contract high for September rice with trading pushing past the
psychologically and technically important $14 mark. The chart below provides a year-to-date
look at the September contract that started 2021 at $11.92. Overall, the chart or
technical view of rice remains constructive and with no signs (so far) of a market
top or reversal. Beyond $14 a retest of the 2014 highs now comes into view, which
is in the $14.40 to $14.60 range.
Also included at the bottom of the chart below is the 14-day relative strength index
(RSI). It closed at 72.75 Thursday afternoon. It doesn’t necessarily reflect a deeply
overbought market. But, a RSI at/above 80 often indicates the market is ready for
a correction lower.
CBOT September 2021 Rough Rice Futures, Daily Chart.
New crop rice basis this week is generally 16 to 23 cents per bushel under futures
at driers / local elevators placing fall delivery (Aug. – Oct.) bids in the $6.05
to $6.12 per bushel range. Mill basis is 9 cents under futures for fall delivery
with bids near $6.19 as of Thursday’s close.
Where to from here? I’ll refer you to this:
There are many moving parts in the rice market. As has been mentioned often in this
newsletter, the long-grain balance sheet is well-supplied going into the 2021 crop
year at 30.8 million cwt. If milled rice exports don’t improve over the remaining
13 weeks of the marketing year, stocks could increase a bit more. But all that matters
little to the futures market. Surprisingly, the basis market isn’t collapsing as
futures continue higher. A possible indication the rice market is expecting to see
more than an 11% year to year decline in U.S. long-grain acres (15% in Arkansas).
What else is driving rice prices? Competing crops. Corn and soybeans continue higher,
which makes it nearly impossible for rice to head in the other direction. With September
Corn at $6.50 and November Soybeans at $14.22 at the time of this writing, rice might
lose more acreage than previously indicated in the March Prospective Plantings. Recent weather and planting challenges are not helping rice hold acres either.
What else? The commodity run-up is front page news now. Everyone knows about record
high lumber and copper prices and how it costs $36,000 more to build a house now.
Speculators are dumping money into commodities and grains are part of the investment
mix. Of note, the managed money futures and options position in CBOT rice has been
net long for 74 straight weeks (this week should make it 75) going back to December
The USDA will update the supply/demand balance sheets and world production numbers
on May 12th. Adjustments to Brazilian grain production will be of particular interest given the
ongoing drought in the southern region of the country. From a news perspective, the
situation in Brazil has been more of a “corn” story. Given where the drought is situated,
one wonders if there is a “rice” story as well and another export opportunity for
the U.S. At any rate, Brazil’s weather forecast remains hot and dry for the key second
corn crop producing states of Mato Grosso, Parana, and Mato Grosso do Sul. All of
central and southern Brazil is forecast to receive little to no precipitation over
the next week. This multi-week story has provided a lot of fuel for the corn market
and in turn soybeans, wheat and rice, milo, cotton, the list goes on.
The May WASDE will also include the first new crop (21/22) balance sheets. The March
Prospective Plantings survey will be used as a starting point for 2021 planted acreage.
U.S. rice planting progress rose from 47% to 64% complete as of May 2; slightly ahead
of the 5-year average of 60% and well ahead of last year’s 48 percent. Arkansas’
planting progress advanced 19 points to 63% complete. Seemingly fast compared to
last year’s 46% and 2019’s 41% on the same date.
Rice: Percent Planted as of May 2.
The 5-year average planting pace for Arkansas should be close to 71% next week. Little
(or no) week-to-week change in planting progress is expected in Monday’s Crop Progress. Rain chances over the next five days and low temperatures potentially dipping to
the upper 40s/low 50s is not helpful. In addition to the weather, continued price
increases in corn, soybeans and diesel may shove rice planting to 100% fairly soon.
NYMEX Diesel Futures, Nearby Daily chart.
Diesel futures continued higher this week, with trading ranges moving above $2/gallon.
The energy markets are pricing in a “return to normal” and improving economic activity.
NYMEX diesel prices are almost $1.10/gal higher than a year ago and appear headed
for the January 2020 high at $2.1195.
Check out these podcast episodes by following the link or by listening to them on
Arkansas Row Crops Radio wherever you listen to podcasts.
Weeds AR Wild, Ep. 10: Row Rice Weed Control (5-6-21)
The DD50 Rice Management Program is live and ready for fields to be enrolled for the
2021 season. All log-in and producer information has been retained from the 2020
season, so if you used the program last year you can log in just as you did last year.
Only field data from 2020 has been removed. Log in and enroll fields here: https://dd50.uada.edu.
Here's an article from last year on the DD50 program: Use the DD50 Rice Management Program to Stay Ahead.
The Arkansas Rice Advisor site https://riceadvisor.uada.edu functions like an app on your mobile device. There you can readily access the DD50
program, rice seeding rate calculator, drill calibration, fertilizer and N rate calculators,
publications, and more.
Arkansas Rice Updates are published periodically to provide timely information and
recommendations for rice production in Arkansas. If you would like to be added to
this email list, please send your request to firstname.lastname@example.org.
This information will also be posted to the Arkansas Row Crops blog (http://www.arkansas-crops.com/) where additional information from Extension specialists can be found.
More information on rice production, including access to all publications and reports,
can be found at http://www.uaex.uada.edu/rice.
We sincerely appreciate the support for this publication provided by the rice farmers
of Arkansas and administered by the Arkansas Rice Research and Promotion Board.
The authors greatly appreciate the feedback and contributions of all growers, county
agents, consultants, and rice industry stakeholders.